Article Type

Original Study


Objective The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of the inguinal approach versus the retroperitoneal approach in the treatment of varicocele. Background Published results have shown that the inguinal approach has several advantages over the retroperitoneal approach in terms of lower incidence of recurrence, easier applicability, and greater safety. Patients and methods This prospective study was conducted from April 2013 to February 2014 in Menoufia University hospitals on 40 patients with primary varicocele and subfertility. The patients were randomly allocated into two groups of 20 patients each. Patients in group I underwent inguinal varicocelectomy, and patients in group II underwent retroperitoneal varicocelectomy. Results The ages of the 40 patients with suspected appendicitis ranged from 16 to 40 years. The mean age was 25.24 years in group I and 27.15 years in group II. Improvement in semen characteristics was seen in 80% of patients (16 in each group). Hematoma formation was observed in two (10%) cases in group I and in no cases in group II. One (5%) patient of group I had hydrocele formation. No testicular atrophy was noticed in the immediate postoperative period in either group. In two (10%) patients of group II there was no symptomatic relief. In group II there was no patient with symptomatic persistence. Conclusion The inguinal approach is superior to the conventional retroperitoneal approach in the treatment of varicocele, especially with respect to recurrence rate. Using inguinal approach varicocelectomy, identification and preservation of the testicular artery can be easily carried out. However, semen characteristics improved in both groups.