Article Type

Original Study


Objective To compare between laparoscopic and open liver resection for liver tumors. Background Laparoscopic surgery has become a standard in many elective procedures, but it is still gaining popularity in liver surgery. The safety of laparoscopic liver resection is still under study. Materials and methods This study was prospectively conducted from October 2012 to December 2014 on 30 patients presenting with hepatic tumors (benign and malignant) to the outpatient clinic of both Menoufia University Hospitals and El-Salam Oncology Center. Patients were divided randomly into two groups: group A, which includes 15 patients operated upon by laparoscopic technique; and group B, which includes 15 patients operated upon by open technique. Results Operating time was significantly longer in the laparoscopy group: it was 131.54 ± 15.61 versus 118.04 ± 19.41 min. Blood loss was highly significant in laparoscopic resections. Mean hospital stay was highly significant shortly after laparoscopy 6.20 ± 1.10 versus 8.81 ± 1.50 days. Patients who underwent laparoscopic procedure resumed oral intake earlier than the open group. The overall complication rate was significantly lower in the laparoscopic group than the open group. Conclusion Laparoscopic liver resection improved surgical and postsurgical outcome for open liver resection regarding less operative blood loss, postoperative pain, postoperative complications, and hospital stay.