Article Type

Original Study


Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the status in antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Salmonella typhi obtained from blood culture in Shebin El-Kom Fever Hospital. Background: Enteric fever is a global health problem, and rapidly developing resistance to various drugs makes the situation more alarming. Drug sensitivity in S. enterica typhi and paratyphi A isolated from 60 blood culture-positive cases of enteric fever was tested to determine in-vitro susceptibility pattern of prevalent strains. Materials and methods: Strains isolated from 60 blood culture-positive cases of typhoid and paratyphoid fever over a period of 5 months were studied about their sensitivity patterns to chloramphenicol and ciprofloxacin, and were analyzed. Results: Our study revealed that there was a high sensitivity of S. enterica typhi and paratyphi A to chloramphenicol and ceftriaxone (100%) and resistance to ciprofloxacin (20%). Conclusion: These findings suggest changing patterns of antibiotic resistance in enteric fever with re-emergence of chloramphenicol sensitivity and ciprofloxacin resistance in Shebin El-Kom Fever Hospital, Egypt.