Article Type

Original Study


Objectives The aim of this work was to study bronchial asthma patients in Mahalla Chest Hospital during the period from March 2013 to February 2014 as regards the epidemiology, demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics of the patients, and prescription pattern, whenever available. Background Bronchial asthma is a serious global health problem and arising problem in Egypt. Prevalence, morbidity, and mortality in Egypt are still lacking and have to be estimated, and hence studies are needed in all governorates to assess the global burden of bronchial asthma in Egypt. Patients and methods This study was conducted at Mahalla Chest Hospital, and included 212 adult patients who had bronchial asthma with a wide range of asthma severity, from those attending the outpatient clinic and those admitted in Mahalla Chest Hospital during the period from March 2013 to February 2014 to provide adequate epidemiological analysis. Data from patients were collected through a questionnaire. Results In this study, 28.77% of cases were severe persistent cases, 29.72% were mild persistent cases, and 41.51% were moderate persistent cases. The average age was 44.57%. Asthmatic attacks were precipitated by outdoor allergens in about 34.9% of the studied cases. An overall 18.4% of the studied cases suffered from attacks triggered by tobacco smoke, and infection trigger attacks were observed in 15.09% of cases. An overall 52.4% of asthmatic patients were exposed to passive smoking and mainly they were female. Conclusion The mean age of the patients was 44.57 years. The majority of them were female and were exposed to passive smoking at home. The majority of the studied cases were overweight, with an average BMI of 26.7 kg/m2. Family history of bronchial asthma was found in 60.85% of the patients. Outdoor allergens were the most common precipitating factor for bronchial asthma. Only 35.4% of the studied cases were compliant to treatment.