Article Type

Original Study


Objectives The aim of the present study to carefully reassess the erectile hemodynamic status in men previously diagnosed with venous leak on penile duplex ultrasonography (DUS) under the guidelines of the Australasian Society for Ultrasound in Medicine (ASUM). Background Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a widespread problem affecting men across all age groups (about 50% in 40–70-year age group) and disturbing the quality of life of sexually active men. Vascular insufficiency is one of the major causes of ED. DUS is a useful, minimally invasive method for evaluating penile hemodynamics in patients with ED, but has a propensity to inaccurately assign a diagnosis of venous leak. Patients and methods Fifty patients from 18 to 50 years olds selected from the Andrology Unit, Dermatology and Andrology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Egypt were included in the study. All cases were subjected to the following: detailed history, thorough clinical examination, routine and hormonal investigations, and imaging studies including re-evaluation through DUS under the guidelines of ASUM. Results Overall, 50% of the patients previously diagnosed with venous leak were shown to be normal when re-evaluated under the guidelines of ASUM. The other 50% demonstrated a significant improvement in the value of end diastolic velocity (EDV). The study demonstrated a significant increase in the value of peak systolic velocity in repeated DUS with a mean difference of 10.29, and a significant decrease in the value of EDV with a mean difference of 4.19 compared with the original DUS. Our results indicated a significant negative correlation between age and value of peak systolic velocity, and an insignificant positive correlation between age and value of EDV for all participants, in both original and repeated DUS. Conclusion Careful assessment should be carried out when performing DUS, especially in younger men without a significant vascular risk factor in history for ED, to avoid misdiagnosis of venous leak.