Article Type

Original Study


Objective The aim of this paper was to evaluate the role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in the management of acute biliary pancreatitis before patient discharge from the point of view of availability, advantages, and disadvantages. Background In patients with mild gallstone pancreatitis, cholecystectomy during the same hospital admission might reduce the risk of recurrent gallstone-related complications, compared with the more commonly used strategy of interval cholecystectomy. However, evidence to support same-admission cholecystectomy is poor, and concerns exist about an increased risk of cholecystectomy-related complications with this approach. In this study, we aimed to compare same-admission and interval cholecystectomy, with the hypothesis that same-admission cholecystectomy would reduce the risk of recurrent gallstone-related complications without increasing the difficulty of surgery. Patients and methods This is a prospective study carried on 20 consecutive patients in Menoufia University, Faculty of Medicine and Alexandria University, Faculty of Medicine; all of them presented with symptoms of acute biliary pancreatitis from April 2015 to September 2016. Overall, 20 cases were included because of limited number of patient who presented to our hospital in this period of time and fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Computed tomography severity index is the main method for choosing patients in the study then assess operative time and difficulty and postoperative pain and hospital stay and recurrence of attacks. Results A total of 20 cases underwent LC at the same time of admission in the hospital, and none of them (0%) were converted to open technique; operative time and difficulty was average, and all of them (100%) had no recurrent attacks of pancreatitis in postoperative follow-up. Conclusion LC in mild acute biliary pancreatitis is safe and should be done during the same hospital admission to prevent further attacks of pancreatitis.