Article Type

Original Study


Objective The aim of this study was to describe the risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in hospitalized patients. Background VTE is a major health issue worldwide. To improve survival, avoid recurrence, and prevent complications, the occurrence of VTE must be reduced. To reduce VTE incidence, persons at risk for VTE must first be identified. Independent risk factors for VTE include patient age, surgery, trauma, hospital or nursing home confinement, active malignant neoplasm with or without concurrent chemotherapy, central vein catheterization or transvenous pacemaker implantation, previous superficial vein thrombosis, varicose veins, and neurological disease with extremity paresis. Materials and methods This hospital-based prospective study included 400 patients with VTE. Patients aged above 18 years of both sexes were included. The only exclusion criterion was patients younger than 18 years. Results There were 400 patients diagnosed with VTE. Of all patients, 44% were unprovoked and 56% were provoked. Provoked risk factors included major surgery (4.5%), obesity (12%), hip, femur, and knee surgery (12.5%), history of malignancy (16%), and history of long-term immobility (18%). Conclusion Several risk factors were identified in patients with VTE, and their comprehension may improve appropriateness and efficiency of the different methods available for thromboprophylaxis.