Article Type

Original Study


Background The purposes of a hospital-based cancer registry are by definition different from those of a population-based registry. The purpose of the hospital-based registry is to serve the needs of the hospital administration and the hospital's cancer program, guide planning and evaluation of cancer control programs, and provide information for the national database of cancer incidence. Objective The aim of this work is to describe cancer statistics in Menoufia University Hospital among cases who had presented to the clinical oncology department in 2012–2013. Patients and methods A retrospective descriptive study was carried out at Menoufia University Hospital, Clinical Oncology Department, describing cancer registry among all cases who had presented in 2012–2013. Data were collected from patients' records, paper file. This study described the total number of cases in 2012 and 2013 and, in each year, the number of patients of both sexes, cancer site frequency, and the most common cancers for both sexes and for each sex. Cases with incomplete data were excluded. Results In 2012, 1413 patients presented versus 1475 patients in 2013, with a total of 2888 patients; ~52% of the cases were women and ~48% of cases were men. Breast cancer was the most frequent cancer, followed by lymphohematopoietic malignancies, gastrointestinal tract tumors, urinary tract tumors, lung and pleura cancers, metastasis of unknown origin, gynecological tumors, head and neck cancers, sarcomas, central nervous system tumors, male genital system tumors, skin tumors, endocrinal tumors, and miscellaneous, respectively. Conclusion In our study, the male to female ratio was less than 1. The most frequent tumor sites are breasts, lymphohematopoietic system, gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, and lung and pleura, respectively.