Subject Area


Article Type

Original Study


Objective: This study aimed to determine the incidence of neonatal mortality percentage in NICUs in Giza Governorate hospitals for early prediction of the disease.

Background: Neonatal mortality rates defined as death of a live born newborn within the first 28 days vary greatly between countries, even within high-income countries.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 155 Egyptian neonates aged from 1 day up to 4 weeks to evaluate the risk factors of the mortality rates at Giza Governorate hospitals NICU during the period from August 2021 to December 2021.

Results: We reported about 6.5% of the studied neonates experienced complications such as sepsis, chronic heart disease or hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy, another 20.6% of the studied neonates were on mechanical ventilation. Survival rates were reported in 84.5% of the studied neonates, moreover; the incidence of neonatal mortality among studied sample was 15.5%. The most common cause of death was Sepsis followed by CHD, Sepsis and Prematurity (50%, 20.8%, 8.3%) respectively.

Conclusion: Prematurity, sepsis, respiratory distress syndrome, low birth weight, mechanical ventilation, positive history of maternal illness and infection are considered as significant predictors of neonatal mortality.